jam1 [ dʒæm ] noun *
▸ 1 sweet sticky food
▸ 2 line of stopped vehicles
▸ 3 blockage in machine
▸ 4 difficult situation
▸ 5 music
1. ) count or uncount a sweet sticky food made from boiled fruit and sugar, that is usually spread onto bread:
strawberry jam
a jar of jam
2. ) count a long line of vehicles that are not moving or are moving very slowly: TRAFFIC JAM
3. ) count an occasion when a machine does not work because something prevents its parts from moving:
a paper jam in the printer
4. ) count usually singular a difficult situation
jam 2 [ dʒæm ] verb *
▸ 1 put in small space
▸ 2 difficult to move
▸ 3 block movement
▸ 4 about telephone system
▸ 5 block electronic signal
▸ 6 injure by squeezing
▸ 7 make music in group
1. ) transitive to put too many people or things into a small space:
jam someone/something into something: Kirsten was trying to jam all the papers into her bag.
Four men were jammed into the back of the car.
a ) to push someone or something tightly or into a small space using a lot of force:
jam someone/something into/on/against something: Marilyn jammed the hat firmly on her head and went out.
Mick jammed a copy of the report into my hand.
2. ) transitive often passive if people or things jam a place, there are so many of them that it is difficult to move:
Thousands jammed the area to see the Pope.
jam something with something: The streets were jammed with cars.
3. ) jam or jam up intransitive if a machine, lock, window, etc. jams, it does not work because something stops it from moving:
He fired one shot before his gun jammed.
a ) transitive to block something so that it stops working or moving:
A small stone had jammed the pump.
4. ) intransitive or transitive if a telephone system jams or is jammed, it stops working because too many people are making calls at the same time:
Only a few minutes after the program, the switchboard was jammed with complaints.
5. ) transitive to block a radio, television, or other electronic signal by broadcasting another signal on the same WAVELENGTH
6. ) transitive to injure part of your body because it gets pressed or squeezed between two hard things:
The window suddenly dropped down and jammed her finger.
a ) to injure part of your body by hitting it hard against something
7. ) intransitive INFORMAL to play music in an informal way with a group of people
jam something down someone's throat
to tell someone something so many times that they cannot hear it again without getting upset or bored
jam something open/shut
to make a door or window stay open or shut by putting something under it
,jam `on phrasal verb transitive
jam on the brakes/jam the brakes on
to put your foot very suddenly and hard on the BRAKE of a vehicle because you want to stop quickly
,jam `up phrasal verb intransitive or transitive
same as JAM 2 3:
A crumpled sheet had jammed up the whole photocopier.

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

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, , / (boiled in mass), / (from a crowd), / , , , , (crowded together)

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